Green means life , Green means growth, Lets conserve our children , give them hope.

Wear a green ribbon to show you care and support. Stand up ,

be committed and protect a child

So when you see someone wearing a green ribbon just think

a about supporting Child protection


We would like to inform the public that  the child protection units are coming back into full force, they will be linked with the FCS (Family Violence Child Protection and Sexual offenders) . There always  has been a  complete Child Protection Unit, situated in 81 Rissik Street, Johannesburg. For further information, kindly visit our .

Chubby Chums is in partnership with Child Protection Units Johannesburg and Far East Rand regions

Our Founder / Director has a high position in the Child Protection Unit  Johannesburg region He is the Chairperson of the Gauteng region  of the Child Protection & Treatment Services  We remove abandoned children from hospitals and clinics .We deal with public complaints concerning children‚€™s issues. We complete a form 36 according to the Child Care Act and this will allow us to have all the information we need.  After that it is registered in the Child Protection Register for vulnerable children.

This information is considered strictly confidential and can only be used by the Child Protection team, courts or Social workers.  These are the procedures of the children‚€™s act no 38 of the 2005 government gazette. These children are physically, mentally and sexually abused.  At this point the children are examined by the district surgeon who then supplies us with a full medical report. J88   We then call the intake Social Worker where we jointly asses the child.  A form 36 is then issued with a court order.  The child protection officer takes the form to court, the judge stamps the form.  The Judge determines as to where the child should be placed in a case of sexual abuse .


We work with Teddy Bear Clinic who do assist  us by doing the court preparations with the children  we then monitor the child on a day to day basis to see if the child copes. We work very closely with the intake Social workers, Child and Youth Care Centers    social workers and the court social workers   all the  Child Protection units are  on standby 24 / 7   We are on stand by 24hrs a day. Protecting children is everybody‚€™s business. Communities who care report Child Abuse. You can report any form of abuse at any organization working with children or at your local SAP, Police official .  Never turn a child away, don‚€™t look the other way, act against abuse, when a child needs help!!  We enhancing all campaign are done for child protection 


Chubby Chums in partnership with  child Protection Units, Forum ,committees  plan  functions for the child protection week, School holiday Programs, School visit,  Scholl Talks, Fun days .We are now  in the process of doing  programs, campaigning  for child Protection which is  a daily function. Our Founder / Director has been trained in all the Protocols of the child Protection procedures. Chubby Chums is one of the officers of the right to children. He works with a number of clinics counseling physical therapy, courts,   Child protection treatments and services are there to minimize trauma for the child and always putting the child first. The roll players co- coordinators assist with child cases ,we all so make sure the all principles of the children ,s act of 205 are meet

 We are aware that there are lots of children abandoned, abused and sexually molested. We assist children with mental health issues i.e:  physically disabled.  We deal with a lot of sex offenders.  We try and get the communities involved at all times.  Every year on the 1st of June we celebrate International Children‚€™s Day Child protection week which is from 29 May to 4 June. At these events we try to target children who are disadvantaged, by giving them entertainment during school holidays and having a school holiday program. The provincial / local departments get together with registered N.G.O‚€™s to be roll players for the children. 

By this we try and educate the public on protocols on how to protect your child and to explain to the public how the child protection system works. Teaching the public their rights and responsibilities, do you know where to report child abuse?  Do you know there are many adults who really don‚€™t give a dam?  The regional committee is responsible for child protection week and organizes child protection week on the1st June


Child protection deals with cases victims who are 18 years and younger. The following crimes are investigated: Rape, indecent assault , statutory rape  sexual intercourse with (girls under the age of 16)  Attempted murder and  assault,  GBH  (Grievous bodily harm)   Common assault if a child is 3 years or younger and the assault occurs  more than once .Kidnapping /  abduction, kidnapping for purposes of sexual exploitation / marriages, Application, .Crimes as contained in the domestic violence and the Child Care Act and films and publications act, illegal withholding /  removing a child from their legal guardian including trafficking or contravening a court order with respect to abandoning a child.


Abandonment  is not the answer,

Prevention is every bodies responsibility




We urges everyone to wear the Green Ribbon during Child Protection Week and after  to show support for promotion of the rights, care and protection of our children.

√ľ  Protect a child.

√ľ  The Green refers to life and growth.

√ľ  Let‚€™s conserve our children, give them hope.

√ľ  By wearing the Green Ribbon it shows that you care and support.

√ľ  Stand up, be committed and protect a child.

√ľ  The Green Ribbon lets victims and survivors know that we are united in their support.

√ľ  It emphasizes the importance of partnerships to tackle child abuse, neglect and exploitation.

√ľ  Wearing the Green Ribbon is an ongoing activity to show a person‚€™s commitment for the protection of children and will be marketed strongly during the Child Protection Week .and after 

¬∑         Government cannot eliminate the scourge on its own and a multi-sector response is required to address and end child abuse, neglect and exploitation.

Working Together to Report Child Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation

The rights of children with disabilities: The duty to protect, respect, promote and fulfill‚€.

Child Protection Officer

The child protection officer reaches with arms in places where

 no ‚€“ one else feels touches and holds what is most precious in life and

walks paths where few dare to tread .

The child protection officer see the hurt , pain of abuse and hears the cries of then child

The hardest job of all if just to listen .he / she protects and keeps the

 children safe from more pain and more hurt and speaks for them when they cannot.

We must remember that  children have rights and responsibilities 

The child protection officer makes sure the world knows what they are and 

 The Children can learn and play , grow , feel loved.

Children are not happy when they are hungry , scared, forgotten.

The child protection officer knows when children are  unhappy the word is unhappy. 

When children are forgotten .the world has forgotten how to care and how to love.

The child protection officer teach us how important children are and how to take care of them

Child Protection is every ‚€“ one‚€™s business and The child protection officer needs all the help

they can get from friends to take of children . Their friends, doctors, teachers, police,

Moms, dad‚€™s, granny‚€™s grandpa‚€™s brother‚€™s, sisters, aunts, uncles. Communities

 are our ears, eyes, mouths  

Taking care of our children well give us happy adults who love

children and take good care of our world

we must remember that some of us can not have children and we will love to

have our own  that is why we get very involved with the children in our world

Caring families, communities protect children


How safe are your kids?

This past week I got chatting to a Mom at the hospital who was describing to me the horrific ordeal her son

 had just been through.  The seven year old little boy had gotten into a fight at school and been pushed by

the other child, fallen and had hurt his shoulder blade. 

After 4 weeks of the shoulder blade not feeling any better he was sent for xrays.  What followed was an

 absolute nightmare for the child and the mother. 

The xrays revealed ‚€œsomething‚€ in his lung.  After much investigation a worm infestation was found and

 the child underwent major surgery.  After three weeks in ICU, a week in general ward and a huge medical

 account the child was finally released. 

What worried the Mom most is that they had no pets, lived in a nice house, drove nice cars and lived a good life.

 So where did this child get worms  


Child protection

What is child abuse?

Child abuse is any type of  harm or ill-treatment to a child such as:  hitting, beating, sexual abuse, bullying, child labour, hurting the child emotionally or psychologically.

What is sexual abuse?

Sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child to take part in sexual activities. It is abuse whether the child has consented or not. This can be flashing, peeping, fondling, exposure to pornographic material, oral sex, finger penetration of the anus, rape, sodomy or prostitution.

What is physical abuse?

This is any act that results in inflicted injury or death to a child. This can be bruises and welts, cuts and abrasions, fractures or sprains, poisoning, burns, and any repeated injury for which the explanation is inadequate or inconsistent.

What is neglect?

Neglect is deliberately not providing for a child‚€™s physical needs (such as food, warmth, shelter or protection from danger). It can result in continuous hunger, malnutrition, bad hygiene or poor living conditions. Neglect is also:

‚€Ę failure to seek, obtain or  follow through with medical care

‚€Ę failure to make provision for the child‚€™s education, when the necessary money and resources are available

‚€Ę leaving children alone

What happens when children are not protected?

When our children are not protected they are at risk of abuse, neglect and exploitation.



on purpose


not showing a

child love


encouraging a

child to do bad or

illegal things





not suitable;



when people or things become

too important to you and you

think about them all the time

What is emotional and psychological abuse?

This abuse is a pattern of behaviour that harms or limits a child‚€™s emotional development or sense of self-worth.

It can take the form of:

‚€Ę criticism, threats or rejection

‚€Ę ignoring, isolating, taking advantage, corrupting or terrorising a child

‚€Ę favouring one child over another

‚€Ę not meeting a child‚€™s need for affection or attention

‚€Ę shouting or swearing at a child

‚€Ę threatening violence or attempts to frighten the child

‚€Ę lying to a child

What is child exploitation?

This is exposure of a child to the following situations:

‚€Ę child labour

‚€Ę slavery

‚€Ę sexual exploitation

‚€Ę child-pornography

‚€Ę child-trafficking

‚€Ę forced removal of body parts Child labour is work that is inappropriate

for the child‚€™s age and harms his or her developmental needs.

What is violence?

Any activity by a person, organisation or context that does not allow a person to reach their human rights.

This can be:

‚€Ę verbal

‚€Ę physical

‚€Ę emotional

‚€Ę armed conflict

‚€Ę political

What can I do about child abuse?

What are the warning signs that indicate the child is at risk or vulnerable?

‚€Ę Physical signs such as bruising, head injuries, broken bones or  malnutrition.

‚€Ę Change in behaviour such as not going to school, withdrawal, poor  concentration, fear, anxiety, suicidal or self-harming behaviour.

‚€Ę Other signs such as obsessions, inappropriate sexual behaviour, anger, bed-wetting and difficulty sleeping, or changes in eating.

How do I respond when a child reports child abuse to me?

Follow these guidelines from NGO‚€™S that work with children

‚€Ę Believe the child.

‚€Ę Thank the child for having the courage to talk to you.

‚€Ę Tell the child that it was not his or her fault.

‚€Ę Explain confidentiality ‚€“ that although the child has disclosed in confidence, you as the adult need to report to the right authority, like the social worker, so that the child can get help and support. Address the

child‚€™s concerns. Maybe share with them the understanding of ‚€œgood and bad secrets‚€.

‚€Ę Recognise and be sensitive to the child‚€™s feelings. Listen to the child, reflect on their feelings and reassure them that you will find support for them.


criticise; to say bad

things about someone


having to do with

the right or wrong



nameless; you don‚€™t

have to identify


What must I NOT do?

‚€Ę Investigate the abuse.

‚€Ę Remove the child unless the child is in immediate and serious danger.

‚€Ę Confront the abuser or the parents.

‚€Ę Decide if the child is telling the truth or not.

‚€Ę Over-react when a child tells you of the abuse ‚€“ listen kindly and calmly.

‚€Ę Make any promises to the child that you can‚€™t keep.

‚€Ę ‚€œBad-mouth‚€ the abuser.

Why do I need to report child abuse, neglect and  exploitation?

As a community caregiver:

‚€Ę You have a legal responsibility according to the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters Amendment Act) to report cases or suspected cases of sexual abuse to the police or a social worker.

‚€Ę You have a moral responsibility (according to the Children‚€™s Act) to report cases of abuse or neglect to the police or a social worker. But if you are employed, for example as a child and

youth care worker or a social auxiliary worker, you have a legal responsibility as well.

What information do I need to report the abuse?

‚€Ę Name, surname and age of the child.

‚€Ę Physical address or contact details of child.

‚€Ę Name, address and contact details of the parent, guardian or primary caregivers if you know them.

‚€Ę Type of abuse you suspect has occurred and any other details you have (without investigating the abuse!).

‚€Ę Name and contact details of anyone who can confirm the abuse.

‚€Ę Your name and how you can be contacted ‚€“ anonymous reports will be accepted and investigated.

Always refer and report to the social worker so that the child can be helped and protected. If you suspect abuse but don‚€™t have all this information, you should still report your concern to a social worker.

Reporting the abuse

What can I do about child abuse?


taking offenders

to court to get

punishment for them


the child must understand

the situation and know

what to expect

What happens to me if I report child abuse, neglect or exploitation?

‚€Ę The investigating social worker will contact you to discuss your referral and anything that is unclear.

‚€Ę If you report a case or suspect a case of abuse, neglect or exploitation, you cannot be charged by the parents or primary caregivers if the referral was done in good faith to protect the best interest of the child.

‚€Ę What happens if someone threatens to harm me if I report the abuse? This could be verbal, emotional or psychological abuse ‚€“ if this is happening to you, you can apply for a protection order.

Rerting the abuseethe abuse

Who do I report to?

‚€Ę A social worker

‚€Ę Phone 0800 60 10 11

‚€Ę ChildLine 08000 55 555

‚€Ę SAPS 10111

 A Child Protection Organisation in your area or


‚€Ę For human trafficking 0800 555 999

Tips on confidentiality

‚€Ę Confidentiality is very important when dealing with abuse or possibleabuse.

‚€Ę The information must be reported to a social worker who will take the case further.

‚€Ę Any information or issues about the abuse or the child must only be discussed with the police or social worker. You can only discuss this if you have the ‚€œinformed consent of the child‚€. This means that the

situation must be discussed with the child to make sure that he/she knows what to expect.

‚€Ę When a child discloses abuse, you cannot promise to keep it a secret because you are under a legal or moral obligation to report the abuse. For this reason, it is very important to tell the child that it may not be

possible to keep this information completely confidential.1

If a child is missing ,report this to the police immediately or as soon as possible. It is not necessary to wait for 24 hours before reporting the missing child.

What happens after reporting to the police or a social worker?

‚€Ę The social worker will investigate the abuse.

‚€Ę The police will investigate the abuse.

‚€Ę Both the police and social workers are responsible for the safety of the child. This means possibly removing the child to safe care or removing the perpetrator.

‚€Ę Remember that the criminal proceedings will take time to go through the Criminal Justice System (the investigation, prosecution, court and correctional system).

continuum of care

when a child is cared

for over time and in a

range of ways


stepping in

so that a bad

situation ends

What do I need to know about referrals?

What is a referral?

A referral is the process of providing for the complete needs of a child through helping the child or household access a range of services. Referrals also include reasonable follow-up to assist in the feedback from the service and the child. A referral system is a network to link services in a community. The purpose is to provide a continuum of care for children.

Why do we need to refer?

Community caregivers and their organisations cannot always provide all the services that children require. Sometimes specialised services are needed to meet a child‚€™s‚€™ specific needs and to provide the best possible care.

Who needs referral?

‚€Ę Children in need of care and protection.

‚€Ę Families in need of care and support.

‚€Ę Children in need of support and early intervention services.

‚€Ę Community caregivers who need support in building their psychosocial wellbeing.

What do I need to know about referrals?

 Family Health International. January 2005. Establishing referral networks for comprehensive

 HIV care in low-resource settings.

Follow these easy steps to set up a referral system:

‚€Ę Write up a list of all the services and projects that can help children, families in need of care and protection, and community caregivers in your community.

‚€Ę List the contact people, telephone numbers and addresses of these services. Include what each of these services can offer you, the children and the families.

‚€Ę Get to know who the people are that provide each of these services. Find out what steps you need to follow to refer children or families to them.

‚€Ę Make sure that confidentiality is kept when referring children.

All services in a community should work together to share the responsibility of care and services for each child.

probation services

the services of a social worker who works with people who are in trouble with the law

diversion programmes

programmes that help improve someone‚€™s wellbeing

How do I refer a child?

‚€Ę Explain to the child and primary caregiver why you are referring them and the kind of help and support they can get.

‚€Ę Give the child and primary caregiver: - the details of the person and organization - where they are - how they can access the service - if possible, give them a card or referral letter with the details on it ( include the details of why you are referring them)

‚€Ę Give a referral letter to the person you are referring the child to. It must describe the reason for the referral and the service needed. Include the details of the child. Keep a copy of the documents.

‚€Ę Follow up with the child to check whether he/she went to the appointment. Ask if the child needs any more help.

‚€Ę Ask the service or person you have referred the child to, to give you feedback so that you can check that the needs of the child have been met. Follow up every week until you are sure that the investigation has begun and the child is safe.

‚€Ę Make a note of the following: - name and contact details of the person that you talk to - the date and time

- how you made the referral, for example in person, face-to-face, by telephone

. The Department of Social Development (DSD) and Child Protection Organisations.

The social workers role is to:

‚€Ę Do a risk assessment through consultations. Compile a plan of action according to the needs and circumstances of the child and his or her family.

‚€Ę Do emergency removal if the wellbeing of the child is at risk. Arrange alternative care for children in need of protection as well as the recruitment, selection, training and support of safe-house parents, foster parents and adoptive parents.

‚€Ę Prepare the child and family for alternative care where applicable. Develop and make permanent plans for children in these situations.

‚€Ę Deliver or arrange ongoing counselling for the child, the family and the offender.

‚€Ę Design and implement preventive and developmental activities to prevent the child abuse.

‚€Ę Finalise children‚€™s court enquiries. Provide the necessary support to the child and to his or her family.

‚€Ę Deliver probation services and diversion programmes to children in conflict with the law and their families.

‚€Ę Recruit, select, train, support and retain community caregivers.

‚€Ę Co-ordinate services and link all concerned with the necessary resources and support systems through effective case


What are the roles of the referral services?

What do I need to know about referrals?


an official police file with a reference number

opposing bail

saying that a person should not be allowed out of jail for the period before their court case


selected; chosen; appointed

Contact details

‚€Ę National Department of Social Development 0800 60 10 11

‚€Ę ChildLine 08000 55 555

‚€Ę Child Welfare South Africa 011 492 2888

2. The South Africa Police Service   10 111

Their role is to:

‚€Ę Investigate the allegation of abuse.

‚€Ę Open a ‚€œdocket‚€.

‚€Ę Make sure the child is safe and is not subjected to secondary trauma.

‚€Ę The police officer will interview the child to get a statement. He/ she will take the age and other evidence into account during the interview. He/she will take the child for a medical examination if necessary.

‚€Ę The prosecutor and investigating police officer are responsible for opposing bail or requesting conditions if bail is granted.

Talk to the police about these options.

‚€Ę Find out whether a criminal offence has been committed. Collect evidence for prosecution and proceed with the charges.

‚€Ę Bring all reported cases of abuse or crimes against children to the attention of the

Department of Social Development or a designated Child Protection Organisation.

‚€Ę Forward the case to the National Prosecution Agency (NPA) for a decision on whether to prosecute or not. Keep the victim informed of the progress in the case.

What are the roles of the referral services?

What are the roles of the referral services?

Community caregivers must make sure the child is safe and

is not subjected to secondary trauma.

‚€Ę Any adult can open a case on behalf of the child even if the child is not there.

‚€Ę The police may also order an abuser to leave the child‚€™s home if this will make him or her safe.

‚€Ę Participate in inter-sectoral child protection teams, including joint investigations with designated social workers.

Contact details

‚€Ę SAPS Emergency Services 10111

‚€Ę Crime Stop 08600 10111

‚€Ę Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual

Offences (FCS) Unit 012 393 2359 or


people who have

asked the court to

judge their cases


doctors who

treat people with

mental illnesses


people who study how

people‚€™s minds work and how

this affects their behaviour



supervision of

 What are the roles of the referral services?

What are the roles of the referral services?

The District and Local offices of the Department of Health

Their role is to:

‚€Ę Conduct a medical examination of a child who has been abused.

A special crime kit must be used when a victim of a crime is being examined.

‚€Ę Collect medico-legal evidence for the successful prosecution of perpetrators in the criminal justice system.

‚€Ę Refer children to psychiatrists, psychologists or social workers as necessary.

‚€Ę Co-operate with other sectors involved in child protection.

 The Department of Correctional Services

Their role is to:

‚€Ę Provide rehabilitation services for convicted offenders (including child offenders).

‚€Ę Prevent further abuse and protect children who are in their care and custody.

 Labour inspectors, particularly around child labour

Their role is to:

‚€Ę Contact social workers when incidents of child labour are identified.

‚€Ę Prevent further abuse by referring the perpetrators for prosecution.

‚€Ę Provide education on the prevention of child labour.

. The National Prosecuting Authority and the Department of

Justice and Constitutional Development Sexual Offences Court

Their role is to:

‚€Ę Provide facilities at courts where child witnesses (especially in the case of abuse) can testify in a friendly and secure environment without the risk of being intimidated. This is to prevent and reduce secondary victimisation. This may include providing child-witness rooms which are fitted with one-way glass or closed

circuit television next to the courtrooms.

‚€Ę Improve prosecution and conviction rates through the education of child victims, caregivers and other witnesses on processes and requirements for the trial in court.

‚€Ę Provide the complainants and others with skills to manage their stress. Encourage victims and witnesses to testify.

5 National Policy Framework and strategic plan for the prevention and management of child abuse, neglect and exploitation. Department of Social Development.

The victim of a sexual offence can apply for the alleged offender to be tested for HIV and have the test results

disclosed to him or her5. A parent or caregiver may apply on behalf of a child. However,

even when the result of testing is negative, children MUST continue taking their preventive medication as prescribed by the doctor.




sets of rules;


 What are the roles of the referral services?

What are the roles of the referral services?

 The Department of Home Affairs

Their role is to:

‚€Ę Promote and facilitate the registration of all children as soon as possible after birth.

‚€Ę Support refugee children and reunite them with family, where appropriate.

‚€Ę Be responsible for implementation of the Films and Publications Act which prohibits the production, use and distribution of child pornography.


Their role is to:

‚€Ę Help in the prevention, identification, management and referral of child abuse and children in need of care and support.

‚€Ę Support children who have experienced abuse (such as bullying) in the classroom and school environment.

 The South African Social Service Association (SASSA)

Their role is to:

‚€Ę Accept and process social grant applications.

‚€Ę Improve the delivery of social grants.

‚€Ę Deal with fraud and corruption of social grants.

What can I do if there is no follow-up to the


Sometimes gaps occur in the referral system. It is important to take steps to close the gaps.

‚€Ę Arrange to meet the relevant service providers, or telephone them.

‚€Ę Ask for clarity on the protocols to refer children.

‚€Ę Explain to them why you would like feedback on the referred child.

What can I do to strengthen the referral system?

‚€Ę Invite the referral services to a meeting to create a more formal referral network and to work out the roles and responsibilities of each partner in the referral system.

‚€Ę Draw a community map to show how the services are related.

‚€Ę Discuss the protocols for referral and feedback.

‚€Ę Encourage all partners to develop personal contacts within the referral network.

‚€Ę Mobilise the community to use and support the referral network through raising awareness and building demand for services. Encourage your community support network to be involved.


leave alone; cut

off; separate from


shame; disgrace;



unfair treatment of someone

because of their disabilities

(or religion, race, etc)


lack of knowledge

or facts


things that people

wrongly believe


to make someone

understand or be

aware of a problem

Children with disabilities

Why are children living with disabilities vulnerable?

Children with disabilities:

‚€Ę Take up more time and energy than any other child.

‚€Ę Need more money for their physical and accessible wellbeing.

‚€Ę Have very specific needs. This is especially true in the rural areas

where the community may not understand all the needs and may isolate that family.

‚€Ę Some children with intellectual or mental disabilities cannot tellthe difference between right and wrong. Perpetrators often know this.

‚€Ę Some children with physical disabilities cannot defend themselves physically.

‚€Ę Sometimes there is stigma, discrimination, fear and ignorance that

surrounds disability. Families at times do not know how to care for these children. Sometimes they believe myths about disability. This can cause abuse and neglect.

How can I support the wellbeing of children living

with disabilities?

‚€Ę Make sure that all children with disabilities are safe and in a caring situation that is favourable for the wellbeing of that child.

‚€Ę Make sure that children with disabilities have access to the necessary hygiene for their physical health

Children with disabilities

‚€Ę Be patient with the child with a disability ‚€“ it might take this child longer to explain what is happening to him or her due to the disabilities.

‚€Ę Make sure that the disability grant is used to the advantage of the child with the disability ‚€“ this grant must only be used to meet the special needs of the child with the disability.

‚€Ę Form support groups for the parents of children with disabilities to help them with their daily challenges and frustrations. These can also form a basis for people who can prevent abuse, neglect and exploitation in the communities.

‚€Ę If you suspect that the child with a disability in the community is at risk or has been abused, neglected or exploited, help sensitise the family or the staff at the place of safety where the child is placed to meet the specific needs of that child. Also try to make sure that the child can access facilities (universal accessibility) and live safety in this place. For example, a child in a wheelchair must be able to use the bathroom.

Where can I refer a child living with a disability or a

family in need of assistance?


They also offer sensitivity training in the community.

Make sure that all children

with disabilities are safe and

in a caring situation that is

favourable for their wellbeing.


organise people and

bring them together to

achieve something




Protecting vulnerable children

Child Care Forums (CCFs) help protect children

‚€Ę CCFs are locally based, organised groups that work together to support orphans and vulnerable children in their own

communities. They aim to respond to the needs of the community and encourage traditional communal life.

‚€Ę The forum is made up of volunteers from the community and is often led by social workers and community caregivers appointed by government and NGOs

‚€Ę The role of the CCF members is to: - mobilise communities for early identification of orphans and vulnerable children in the community - determine who the primary caregivers of the identified children are - conduct assessments on the physical, emotional and social needs of each child - help children to access birth certificates, grants, medical

treatment and care - recruit foster parents for children - organise after-school care and holiday programmes

Protecting vulnerable children

 Save the Children. What do we do in Africa?

 Department of Social Development (Child Care Forums) AND NGO,S

What can I do in my everyday community caregiving

activities to protect children?

‚€Ę Talk and listen to children. Take what they say seriously. Encourage them to share their thoughts and feelings.

‚€Ę Encourage them to participate in community activities such as sport, youth clubs, singing, drama, religious activities and

developing food gardens.

‚€Ę Encourage them to attend school and do their homework.

‚€Ę Tell children not to talk to strangers. They must also be careful with people they know.

‚€Ę Teach them not to go to strange places with anyone.

‚€Ę Teach children not to keep secrets that make them feel uncomfortable.

‚€Ę Tell them not to allow anybody to touch their

private body parts. ‚€Ę Encourage them to talk to someone when they feel uncomfortable, threatened or are harmed ‚€“ such

as a doctor, teacher, community caregiver or someone they trust.


caregivers have an

important role to play

in child protection!


property of money

you get from

someone who dies


easy to get

 Protecting vulnerable children

Protecting vulnerable children

How can I strengthen families to protect children?

‚€Ę Encourage families to plan for the future of their children (inheritance).

‚€Ę Visit homes and encourage family members to talk to each other, to focus on the needs of the child, to spend time together and to develop a supportive and caring environment.

‚€Ę Remind and support the family to get children‚€™s birth certificates and identity documents.

‚€Ę Refer the family for a social grant or a disability grant, if applicable.

‚€Ę Raise awareness in your community that everyone has a responsibility to protect children from harm.

‚€Ę Share with children that there are ‚€œgood secrets‚€ and ‚€œbad secrets‚€ ‚€“ good ones make a child feel happy and bad ones make a child feel sad, angry or hurt.

‚€Ę Encourage families and organisations to make plans with children when they go to community, social or sporting events in case a child gets lost. You could arrange to make a place to meet at a specific time or write a cellphone number on the piece of paper for the child to keep.

How can communities help to protect children?

‚€Ę Create a sense of belonging for all children and families by; - involving them in community activities - making sport and recreation facilities available for them - encouraging youth development activities

‚€Ę Spread information to raise awareness about the importance of child protection.

‚€Ę Provide immediate and accessible help for children who have been abused and for families in need.

‚€Ę Report cases of child neglect, abuse and exploitation to social workers and police.

‚€Ę Provide comfort and a sense of hope for all community members.

‚€Ę Develop circles of support with schools for vulnerable children.

‚€Ę Get involved in caring schools and school safety projects.

What can I do to help make children safer?

‚€Ę Teach them not to get in the middle of a fight, even if they want to help.

‚€Ę Teach them who to call for help:

- The police on 10111

- ChildLine on 08000 55 555


‚€Ę Help them to understand who they can ask for help, such as a trusted family member or friend.

Where can a child get help?

- The police on 10111

- ChildLine on 08000 55 555


Community caregivers need to look after themselves too that work with children

Community caregiving is at

times a very stressful and

difficult task, especially

when responding to children

and families in need.

Community caregiving can

affect our psychosocial


Ways to look after yourself

‚€Ę Develop your caregiving skills.

‚€Ę Manage your time and making sure you get time off for yourself.

‚€Ę Maintain a healthy diet and keep good sleeping habits.

‚€Ę Do physical exercise, such as dancing or walking, and other

recreational activities.

‚€Ę Share your feelings with other community caregivers.

‚€Ę Know your limits and recognise your need to relax and to deal with your stress.

‚€Ę Ask for support and help.

‚€Ę Build a support network around you.

‚€Ę Develop a Self-Care Plan.

Community caregivers need to look

after themselves too

How do I take care

of myself so that

I can respond to

children in need?

Developed in Partnership by the United States Agency for

International Development, Department of Social Development,

Programme for Alternative Technology in Health (PATH),

International HIV/AIDS Alliance, and Health and Development

Africa, for the Thogomelo Psychosocial Support and Child



ACT  NO 38 OF 2005





Form 1

Consent to a virginity test by a child


Form 2

Consent to social or cultural circumcision


Form 3

Consent to religious circumcision


Form 4

General requirements regarding parental responsibilities and rights agreement


Form 5

Statement of Family Advocate concerning parental responsibilities and rights agreement


Form 6

Statement of outcome of mediation


Form 7

Confirmation of non-attendance of mediation


Form 8

Application for registration of a parenting plan or for parenting plan to be made an order of court


Form 9

Statement of Family Advocate, social worker or psychologist that parenting plan was prepared after assistance


Form 10

Statement of social worker or other suitably qualified person that parenting plan was prepared after mediation


Form 11

Application for the registration / conditional registration / renewal of registration / reinstatement of a partial care facility


Form 12

Certificate of registration / conditional registration / renewal of registration / reinstatement of a partial care facility


Form 13

Refusal to grant an application for the registration of a partial care facility


Form 14

An appeal against a decision of a provincial head of social development in terms of section 86 of the Act in respect of a partial care facility


Form 15

An appeal against a decision of a municipal official in terms of section 88(6) of the Act in respect of a partial care facility


Form 16

Application for the registration / conditional registration / renewal of registration of an early childhood development programme


Form 17

Certificate of registration / conditional registration / renewal of registration of an early childhood development programme


Form 18

Rejection of an application for the registration of an early childhood development programme


Form 19

An appeal against a decision of a provincial head of social development in terms of section 101 of the Act in respect of an early childhood development programme


Form 20

An appeal against a decision of a municipal official in terms of section 102(6) of the Act in respect of an early childhood development programme


Form 21

Assessment of early childhood development programme


Form 22

Reporting of abuse or deliberate neglect of child


Form 23

Request for removal of alleged offender


Form 24

Notification of convictions or findings of abuse or deliberate neglect of children for inclusion in Part A of National Child Protection Register


Form 25

Inquiry by person to establish whether his / her name is included in Part A of National Child Protection Register


Form 26

Particulars of person found unsuitable to work with children


Form 27

Notification of finding of unsuitability to work with children for inclusion in Part B of National Child Protection Register


Form 28

Inquiry by employer to establish whether person‚€™s name appears in Part B of National Child Protection Register


Form 29

Inquiry by person to establish whether his/her name is included in Part B of National Child Protection Register


Form 30

Application for removal of name erroneously entered in Part B of National Child Protection Register


Form 31

Notification of outcome of application to remove name and information from Part B of National Child Protection Register


Form 32

Application for consent to medical treatment or surgical operation by Minister


Form 33

Consent to surgical operation by a child


Form 34

Consent to surgical operation of a child by a parent


Form 35

Authority for removal of child to temporary safe care


Form 36

Notification to parent, guardian or care-giver to attend children‚€™s court proceedings


Form 37

Report by designated social worker to be considered by children‚€™s court


Form 38

Approval to provide temporary safe care


Form 39

Reporting of serious injury, abuse or death of child in alternative care


Form 40

Statement by a foster parent regarding the adoption of a child in his or her foster care


Form 41

Application for the registration of a cluster foster care scheme


Form 42

Certificate of registration of a cluster foster care scheme


Form 43

Rejection of application for the registration of a cluster foster care scheme


Form 44

Notice of intention to deregister cluster foster care scheme


Form 45

Representation to provincial head of social development by cluster foster care scheme regarding notice of deregistration


Form 46

Notice of deregistration after consideration of representation


Form 47

Application for the registration / conditional registration / renewal of registration of a child and youth care centre


Form 48

Certificate of registration / conditional registration / renewal of registration of a child and youth care centre


Form 49

Refusal of an application for the registration / renewal of registration of a child and youth care centre


Form 50

An appeal against a decision of a provincial head of social development in terms of section 207 of the Act in respect of a child and youth care centre


Form 51

Application for the registration / conditional registration / renewal of registration of a drop-in centre


Form 52

Certificate of registration / conditional registration / renewal of registration of a drop-in centre


Form 53

Rejection of an application for the registration / conditional registration / renewal of registration of a drop-in centre


Form 54

Agreement between provincial head of social development and municipality


Form 55

An appeal against a decision of a provincial head of social development in terms of section 223 of the Act in respect of a drop-in centre


Form 56

An appeal against a decision of a municipal official in terms of section 225(6) of the Act in respect of a drop-in centre


Form 57

Application for the registration of an adoptive parent


Form 58

Application for registration of adoptable child


Form 59

Application for the adoption of child


Form 60

Consent by parent to the adoption of child


Form 61

Consent by child to adoption


Form 62

Consent by other person holding guardianship to the adoption of the child


Form 63

Withdrawal of consent to adoption by parent or guardian of child


Form 64

Withdrawal of consent by child to adoption


Form 65

Post adoption agreement


Form 66

Order of inter-country adoption





It is very important for every employee of the South African Police Service (SAPS) to familiarize themselves with the THREE important SAPS emergency/reporting telephone numbers, which are as follows:

¬∑         10111

¬∑         08600 10111

¬∑         0800 333 177 



This is the only police emergency number to be used in cases of police-related emergencies. Prompt response to calls received by the 10111 Call Centre is of the utmost importance to ensure that calls are attended to as soon as possible. This number can be used anywhere in South Africa. The public must be informed that -

¬∑         Misusing this number could result in the loss of the life of a loved one in distress who is trying to reach out for help on this emergency number.

¬∑         It is a criminal offence to make prank and abusive calls to 10111.


08600 10111

This is the Crime Stop number or a crime tip-off number that allows the community to report information on criminal activities anonymously. Drug dealing and other criminal activity can be reported on this Crime Stop number anonymously.


0800 333 177

This is the call centre for service delivery complaints. It can be used by the public if they are not satisfied with the service delivered by police officials. Members of the public should be encouraged to first use this number before complaining to the Presidential Hotline. Employees of the SAPS, who have exhausted all other internal avenues, may also use this number to complain about unfair treatment in the SAPS. This line is available 24 hours a day. 


The importance of using these numbers is to ensure that -

¬∑         Better service delivery is provided by the SAPS.

¬∑         The corporate image of the SAPS - and professionalism in the SAPS - is improved.

¬∑         Public trust  in the SAPS is improved.


These numbers should be communicated to employees of the SAPS and the public during all awareness campaigns.













What is child labour?

Work by children under 18 which is exploiting, hazardous Or otherwise inappropriate for their age, detrimental to  Their schooling or their social, physical, mental, spiritual or moral Development.  The ‚€œterm‚€ work is not limited to work for gain But includes chores or household activities in the child‚€™s Household, where such work is exploitive, hazardous, inappropriate For the age ordetre mental to their development.


Not all work done by children should be classified as child labour That is to be targeted for elimination.  Children‚€™s or adolescents Participation in work that does not affect their health and personal Development or interferes with their schooling is generally regarded As being something positive. 


This includes activities such as helping Their parents around the home, assisting in a family business or Earning pocket money outside school hours and during school Holidays.  These kinds of activities contribute to children‚€™s Development and to the welfare of their families; they provide Them with skills and experience, and help to prepare them to Be productive members of society during their adult life.


Child domestic work is paid work performed by the children in Or for private household(s) (ILO, Domestic workers across the  World, 2013). Paid domestic work includes work for cash, Accomadation ,food rations or anycombination of these. This is also classified as the worst form of child labour because Of its characteristics of forced labour and slavery.


These are tasks that have to be done regularly at home or in The households.  These household work activities consists of managing the householkd, cleaning ,cooking, laundry, collecting wood and water, shopping, caring for the other family members (siblings, the elderly ,the sick or those with disabilities), informal trade, subsistence production, etc. Surveys of Activities of Young People (SAYP)


ILO-IPEC in its report named, ‚€˜Helping hands or shackled lives? Understanding child domestic labour and responses to it refer to Household chores as ‚€˜Helping hands ‚€™and defines it as

 Non-hazar- dous tasks undertaken by a child of any age as part of daily chores in their own family home, that do not interfere with any of the child‚€™s rights under international and nationallaw, and that do not constitute economicactivity. The  pattern of children helping at home is common in most societies.  In many parts of the developing world ,children are required to perform certain chores as natural parts of their role within the household.


Although household chores are usually considered non threatening by most parents and society, if may be a strong deterrent to  educational activities and the optimal development of a child. When children have to spend excessive periods of time on these chores, when they have to carry heavy loads over longdistances or when they have to bear too much responsibility for their age then the housework they are doing becomes problematic.  This unpaid child work for family or households are commonly overlooked as a possible harm to education.

Furthermore, child work is detrimental to human capital accumulation ,By limiting the time that those areenrolled have to do their homework and study or perpetuating poor school attendance, parents prevent  their children from benefitting from higher earnings in the future.In poor households and those headed by children, this lack of schooling Is likely to diminish chances of escaping poverty.  The relationship Between child work andeducation is an important and complex issue.



Parent‚€™s decisions regarding child workd and schooling are influenced by perception of the costs and benefits of each option. The benefits from education are an important factor in parents considerations. However, unlike the expected returns on education, work brings immediate benefits for the well-being of the family where children are enrolled at school but delay attendance at the beginning of the year because they accompany parents to the farms until after havesting (mid to end February) or they join their parents after school.  This is done by parents to increase the amount of bags they fill per day


Orphaned, vulnerable or poor children staying with caregivers may also be compromised when it comes to education.  They are usually the ones who are asked to remain in the household when such a need arises. e.g. taking care of a sick person, siblings, livestock, etc.  Parents‚€™ or caregivers‚€™ decision between schooling and housework are also highly dependent on the living conditions, which affects the amount of work children have to perform.  For example, a child living in an area where water is available in the living compound, village or township will have more time for educational or recreational activities as his/her household work will not include water fetching, which is a highly exhausting and time consumingactivity.


Children in child headed households

Data suggests that adolescents between ages of 12 and 17 year make up the majority of orphaned children in allcountries (Children on the Brink,2004).  These children are vulnerable to all types of abuse because the family environment that served as a safety net has been eroded.  They are often poor, live in poorconditions and are exposed to hard labour.  Girls are especially vulnerable in the context of HIV and AIDS in child headed households.  Due to gender-based discrimination,the girl child is more likely to take care of the terminally ill parent or family member. 

This deprives them of the right to education and they may be further subjected to excessive child work. Governmental (the Department of Social Development) have developed guidelines for statutary services to a child headed households.


Children with disabilities are more vulnerable.  They are targeted for chores because of their disability.  That sort ofdiscrimination still exists,especially when they do not stay with their biological parents.


Children have the right to play and just be children.  This is part of their mental and physical development.  Household  chores that are too excessive like water fetching deprive them of this right.  There should be interventions to deal with water provision as a basic service to all communities, so that children can have some time to be children and do their school work.









They can easily be identified by family and community members

They are hidden and happen behind closed doors

Involves short working hours

Involves long working hours

Do not handle unfamiliar and dangerous chemicals

Do handle dangerous cleaning chemicals,corrosive and inflammable liquids

Do handle electronic equipment machinery and blades under supervision

Do handle unfamiliar electronic equipment,machinery and blades unsupervised

Involves use of weight and loads appropriate for their age

Involves use od weights and loadsinappropriate for their age

They are developmental,beneficial and appropriate in nature

Detrimental to child‚€™s development






Cleaning household(depends on size of home and number of family members)

Pepairing household equipment, stoves ,fridges, etc.

Cooking for family members

Cooking large quantities of food for a long period in a day.

Serving of meals (age appropriate)




Caring for siblings/sick or aged person


Water fetching


Shopping for household goods


Washing family vehicles


Herding of livestock






This chore involves a process of making the house and its surroundings free from dirt, marks and unwanted matter ,viz, scrubbing floors and walls and also cleaning windows.  Cleaning and packing of cupboards, cleaning the toilets and bathrooms and the yard (outside surroundings) so as to be free from any form of dirt.  Dish washing after meals. Light cleaning chemicals are usually used for this chores. Window cleaning involves climbing on top of something like a chair to be able to reach the top part of the window. Children could be at risk of falling and sustain injuries. This also includes making up ones bed.


This involves the preparation of food for member of household; starting with breakfast and lunch packs for school going children. Different sources of energy are used to cook e.g. wood, gas or electricity. Hot water and oil are the most dangerous ingredients used. Utensils like sharp knives are also used. It also includes dishing up the food.


When a portion of quantity of food or drink, taken as part of a meal, is given to others in the household.


Clothes and linen that need to be washed or have been washed and needs to be ironed and packed away. Washing powder or other strong and poisonous detergents made of chemicals are used. Hot irons are used to iron clothes. This also includes fetching water for communities where water provision is strill a dream; they have to walk to the rivers and communal taps to get water for their laundry.


Bringing water from any source of water e.g. from the well, river, dam or a common tap in the village or community 20 litrescontainers and bigger ones are used to fetch water. This chore is the most exhausting and time comsuming.

The ILO undertook a follow up study on the impact of the delivery of water services on the lives of children with special attention to educational achievements and schoolatteddance (ILO. 2012). The study was done in some parts of rural Kwazulu Natal and Limpopo. If revealed that children sometimes undertake an hour‚€™s trip to the water source and spend more time digging the water from the ground or queuing awaiting their turn. And if the water comes out dirty, they have to look for another spot to dig, which could be further. It can take up to three hours to get water. The amount of time spent is even more during dry seasons.

Children sometimes make two trips, in the morning before school and in the afternoon to fill large drums with water. However in areas where communal taps are still functioning and within 200m, children fetch water mainly in the afternoon because they can make trips much quicker. This one chore where boys are noticeably also involved and able to carry larger amounts of quantity by using wheelbarrows or rolling very big containers on the ground to their homes.  This activity is predominant in rural areas and informal settlements where water infrastructure is poor or non-existent.


Collect wood from the bushes in order to use it for cooking and warming the body. It involves walking long distances while carrying stacks of wood, usually on the head. Most rural villagers still collect wood, even in areas where electricity has been installed, because most households cannot afford to buy electricity.


The demand is higher during winter as household members need to warm themselves and warm bathing water. They walk through the bushes where they risk being attacked by people and animals. Walking in groups seem to be the best strategy for security. This is predominant in rural areas and informal settlements.


The oldest of the orphaned children automatically become the caregivers of their younger siblings. In some instances ,where parents died due to complications related to HIV and AIDS there could be aninfected child and that needs to be cared for when sick. It also involves making sure that they are ready to go to school in the morning ,assist them with homework, etc.


 In households where there is a sick or very old member, the children assist in feeding and bathing them, mainly before and after school. This activity is one that results in most children missing school or dropping out of school. In some areas, there are home based care workers who assist with the sick and very old.


Children heading families must ensure that there are groceries in the house. In rural areas far from the town,they will carry groceries and walk a distance from the local shop. Children are sent to shops in the community and at times they are abused because they can be sent many times in a day,as long as the older personidentifies a need. It can be  a very hot or cold dayor even in rainy weather.


Family members who own cars sometimes rely on children to clean their personal cars or even business vehicles. Most of the time, weather is not considered.


UNICEF has developed an expanded definition that covers household chores in addition to economic activities. UNICEF‚€™s definition at the child labour indicator considers a child to be involved in child labour activities under the following classification:


a.      Children 5 to 11 years of age that during the week preceding thesurvey did at least one hour of economic activity or at least 26 hours of domestic work (household chores).

b.      Children 12 to 14 years of age that during the week preceding the survey did at least 14 hours economic activity or al least42 hous of economic activity and domestic cork combined

c.       However Friedrich Hueble, 2008, in his international education statistic, refers to UNICEF‚€™s Child Labour indicator as follows:


12 to 14 years ‚€“ 28 hours or more household chores per week


15 to 17 years ‚€“ any hazardous work, including any work for 43 hours or more per week.


Huebler further states that the threshold for household chores is set relatively high because it is assumed that household chores are less harmful than the economicactivities. Moreover, the high threshold of 28 hours household chores per week avoids a possible overestimation of the number of child labourers.

The Survey of Activities of Young People, 2010 Report, uses the higher cut-offs usedfor the SAYP 1999 in determining children who worked more than a specified minimum number of hours on economic, household and school related work.

The weekly cut-off are set at:

Three or more hours in total of core economic activities plus collecting fuel and water.

Seven or more hours in total of housework and care for household members.





Cleaning the household

7-11 years

(with  supervision)

3 hours

12-17 years

( with supervison)

7 hours


12-17 years

(with supervision)

7 hours

Serving meals

8-14 years

15-17 years

1 hour

1 and a half hours


10-14 years

(own smaller items)

2 hours

15-17 years

5 hours

Caring for siblings/sick or aged


15-17 years

7 hours








Water fetching

7-11 years

(short distance with smaller containers e.g. 10 litres. Also walking in groups)

5 hours

12-17 years

(walking in groups where sources are far)

10 hours

Wood fetching

10-14 years

(with smaller loads and under supervision)

5 hours

15-18 years

(walking in groups)

10 hours

Shopping for household goods

8-14 years

(shops in the vicinity ‚€“ during the day)

3 hours

15-17 years

5 hours

Washing family vehicles

12-17 years

1 hour


Herding of livestock

10-12 years

5 hours



8-17 years

(with supervision)

3 hours







 Cleaning of the household


Cleaning chemical can be dangerous when used without insight.

Equipment like step ladders or whatever is used to climb in

Making ones bed

Every morning teaches

Them tidiness and


when children are given.



Order to reach higher surfacesof walls or windows. Sometimes children are expected to clean the house very early in the morning before they actually go to school. They are likely to be very exhausted to concentrate in class

less risky cleaning chores like sweeping the floors ,they also feel that they have a role to play in the house hold. For families who give their children pocket money ,this could be a good opportunity to let them earn their pocket money and teach them that money is always searned.


Cooking /meal preparation



The type of fires and stoves used when cooking are a huge risk.

Ingredients like hot oil and water are also dangerous.

There is a risk of cutting themselves with sharp knives if they do not know

how to handle them.

This can be beneficial as a learning opportunity for children 15 years and older.


Serving meals


There aren‚€™t serious dangers except with tea pots, which should be handled  

with care.

This chore assists with bonding among family members and instilling a sense of responsibility. Children from 7 years can assist with serving food








This is heavy work and should not be done by the under 10 year olds.

This age group can wash their own items as a way of teaching them the chores and responsibility.





























This can be huge loads of clothes, depending on the size of the household.



There is potential to suffer from back ache as a result of the posture and amount of time it takes to complete the task.


The chemicals used can be very harsh on the skin.



The hot iron used to iron wrinkled clothes needs someone who can handle it with care.



Some still use the old irons that get very hot all over because they can‚€™t afford electricity or it  has not been installed












Water fetching


Heavy loads of water are carried by children. They travel long distances andspend a long time in queues waiting their turn.some fetch water from dangerous wells and rivers.


They run risk of being attacked along the way. This is very exhausting and deprivesthem of the time to just be


children and play and also  limits their time  to do school work.



Children hate repetitive and less stimulating work and activities.


There is no benefit. Clean water should be supplied to all.


Fetching wood














The problems are the same as those in water fetching.







There is no benefit for children doing this chore.








Shopping for household goods






In some areas the shops are quite a distance.


Some adults or older children can send vthe younger ones to the shops many times and in very hot weather.



 Children are at risk of being abducted or kidnapped on theway





It is one way of involving children in the household activities for as long as identified problems are dealt with or avoided.

Washing family



Children will get sick if this task is performed in very cold, very hot weather or when it is raining.

Children are taught responsibility to take care of family properties.




During winter months this task is performed while it is dark in the morning.


Children could be attacked while in the bushes herding livestock.



They go in groups and play games while the animals are grazing.



There isn‚€™t a lot of risks involved except where pesticides are used



Children learn to look after the environment.